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习惯性流产-安胎

新生儿 Newborn

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  • 更新日期:2019-07-19 20:25
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★第一个月 _First month ◎ 生理指标 _Physiological Indicators 满月时,男婴体重2.9~5.6千克,身长49.7~59.5厘米;女婴体重2.8~5.1千克,身长49.0~58.1厘米。 At full moon, boys weigh 2.9-5.6 kg and their stature is 49.7-59.5 cm, while girls weigh

★第一个月 _First month

◎ 生理指标 _Physiological Indicators

满月时,男婴体重2.9~5.6千克,身长49.7~59.5厘米;女婴体重2.8~5.1千克,身长49.0~58.1厘米。

At full moon, boys weigh 2.9-5.6 kg and their stature is 49.7-59.5 cm, while girls weigh 2.8-5.1 kg and their stature is 49.0-58.1 cm.

养育要点 Key Points of Nurturing

母乳喂养,按需哺乳。母乳喂养不必加喂水。混合喂养及人工喂养可选择配方奶、鲜牛奶、全脂奶粉。注意奶瓶的消毒,配好的奶宝宝一次没吃完,不可留到下一次喝。保证每天约20个小时的睡眠;多拥抱、爱抚宝宝,抚摩宝宝全身的皮肤,与宝宝说话;经常用微笑、歌声、鲜艳的有声具逗引宝宝。宝宝出生14天开始常规服用D。2~3周左右注意宝宝接种卡介苗的反应,出现红肿硬块并形成小脓包是正常反应。宝宝不要睡太软的床和大而软的枕头,最好单睡一张床,防止窒息;喂牛奶、洗澡时,防止烫伤;把宠物转移到别处,防止宝宝被动物咬伤。

Breast-feeding, breast-feeding on demand. Breastfeeding does not require water. Mixed feeding and artificial feeding can choose formula milk, fresh milk and whole milk powder. Pay attention to the disinfection of the bottle, the matched baby did not finish eating at one time, can not stay for the next drink. Guarantee about 20 hours of sleep every day; embrace and caress the baby more, touch the baby's skin all over the body, and talk to the baby; often with a smile, singing, bright voice to tease the baby. The baby began to take D routinely 14 days after birth. 2-3 weeks or so, pay attention to the baby's response to BCG vaccination. It is normal for the baby to appear red and swollen lumps and form small pustules. Babies should not sleep in too soft beds and big soft pillows. It is better to sleep in a single bed to prevent suffocation; prevent scalds when feeding milk and bathing; and transfer pets to other places to prevent the baby from being bitten by animals.

Development Indicators◎ 发育指标

◎ 专家提示 Expert Tips

满月时俯卧抬头,下巴离床三秒钟;能注视眼前活动的物体:啼哭时听到声音会安静;除哭以外能发出叫声;双手能紧握笔杆;会张嘴模仿说话。

At full moon, lie prone and raise your head, chin away from bed for three seconds; be able to gaze at the moving objects in front of you: when you cry, you will hear the sound quietly; when you cry, you can make a sound; when you are not crying, you can make a sound; when you are holding the pen pole in your hands; when you open your mouth, you can imitate speech.

确定宝宝的气质是活泼型、安静型,还是一般型,对于宝宝的养育非常必要;奶水不足的母亲不要急于加代乳品,多吃些能下奶的食物,如鲫鱼、鲢鱼、猪蹄、黄花菜、丝瓜、芝麻、酒糟。给宝宝拍照时,不用闪光灯。

It is necessary to determine whether the baby's temperament is lively, quiet or general. Mothers with insufficient milk should not rush to add dairy products and eat more foods that can milk, such as crucian carp, silver carp, pig's hoof, yellow cauliflower, towel gourd, sesame and distiller's grains. When taking pictures of your baby, you don't need a flash.

★第二个月 _Second month

◎ 生理指标 _Physiological Indicators

满两个月时,男婴体重3.5~6.8千克,身长52.9~63.2厘米;女婴体重3.3~6.1千克,身长52.0~63.2厘米。

At the end of two months, boys weighed 3.5 to 6.8 kg and their statures ranged from 52.9 to 63.2 cm, while girls weighed 3.3 to 6.1 kg and their statures ranged from 52.0 to 63.2 cm.

◎ 养育要点 Key Points of Nurturing

逐步建立起吃、玩、睡的规律生活;尽量多地与宝宝说话、唱歌、逗乐,培养良好的母子感情。让宝宝醒的时候处在快乐中;在不同方位用不同声音训练宝宝的听觉;天气好时带宝宝到室外活动,呼吸新鲜空气,观看周围环境,进行适当的日光浴。可以让宝宝俯卧片刻;悬吊鲜艳、能动的玩具,给宝宝看、触摸、抓握;

We should gradually establish a regular life of eating, playing and sleeping, and try to talk, sing and play with our babies as much as possible, so as to cultivate a good mother-child relationship. Let the baby wake up in happiness; in different directions with different voices to train the baby's hearing; when the weather is good, take the baby to outdoor activities, breathe fresh air, watch the surrounding environment, appropriate sunbathing. It can let the baby lie prone for a moment, hang bright and dynamic toys to show, touch and grasp the baby.

◎ 发育指标

Development Indicators

逗引时会微笑;眼睛能够跟着物体在水平方向移动;能够转头寻找声源;俯卧时能抬头片刻,自由地转动头部;手指能自己展开合拢,能在胸前玩,会吸吮拇指。

Smile when provoking; eyes can move horizontally with objects; heads can be turned to find sound sources; head can be raised for a moment while lying prone, turning freely; fingers can open and close themselves, can play in front of the chest, will suck the thumb.

◎ 专家提示 Expert Tips

在阳光下晒宝宝屁股,可治疗“红臀”;母亲发烧38度以上时应停止哺乳,发低烧(37.5℃~38℃)时是可以继续哺乳的。别让宝宝过胖。除了夏天外,每天都可以添加三四滴浓缩鱼肝油。

Sunshine on the baby's buttocks can cure "red buttocks". Mothers should stop breastfeeding when they have a fever of more than 38 degrees, and they can continue breastfeeding when they have a low fever (37.5-38 degrees). Don't let your baby overweight. In addition to summer, three or four drops of concentrated cod liver oil can be added every day.

★第三个月 _3rd month

◎ 生理指标 _Physiological Indicators

满三个月时,男婴体重4.1~7.7千克,身长55.8~66.4厘米;女婴3.9~7.0厘米,身长54.6~64.5厘米。

At the end of three months, the baby weighed 4.1-7.7 kg and was 55.8-66.4 cm in length, while the baby girl was 3.9-7.0 cm and 54.6-64.5 cm in length.

◎ 养育要点 Key Points of Nurturing

给宝宝丰富的感觉刺激,经常变换宝宝的位置,使他能从多方面来熟悉周围环境,获得不同的视觉经验。通过让宝宝俯卧、竖抱宝宝,帮助宝宝练习抬头的动作,锻炼宝宝颈椎的支撑力。用玩具逗引宝宝发音。训练听力,初步培养追踪声音来源的能力,感受声音远近的能力。锻炼宝宝的皮肤,只要宝宝的心脏没有毛病,就可以经常洗澡。宝宝不会爬,但可能从大床上掉下来,大人离开时,别忘了把宝宝放在有栏杆的小床上。宝宝的玩具不能比嘴小。宝宝还小,母亲躺着哺乳有发生窒息的危险。只吃牛奶的婴儿可加果汁,母乳喂养的婴儿如果喜欢喝,也可以加果汁。

Give the baby rich sensory stimulation, often change the position of the baby, so that he can be familiar with the surrounding environment in many ways, to obtain different visual experience. By letting the baby lie down and hold the baby vertically, help the baby practice the movement of raising his head and exercise the support force of the baby's cervical vertebra. Use toys to tease the baby to pronounce. Training of listening, initial training of the ability to track the source of sound, the ability to feel the sound far and near. Exercise the baby's skin, as long as the baby's heart is not defective, you can often bathe. Babies can't climb, but they may fall off the big bed. When adults leave, don't forget to put the baby on the small bed with railings. A baby's toy can't be smaller than his mouth. The baby is still young and the mother is in danger of suffocating while lying down. Milk-only babies can add juice, and breast-fed babies can add juice if they like.

◎ 发育指标 Development Indicators

俯卧时,能抬起半胸,用肘支撑上身;头部能够挺直;眼看双手、手能互握,会抓衣服,抓头发、脸;眼睛能随物体180度;见人会笑;会出声答话,尖叫,会发长元音。

When prone, can raise half chest, support upper body with elbow; head can straighten; see hands, hands can hold each other, will grasp clothes, grab hair, face; eyes can follow objects 180 degrees; see people will laugh; will answer, scream, will grow vowels.

多数宝宝此时应该补钙了。带宝宝到公共场所为时尚早。尽早让宝宝品尝各种味道,为以后加辅食作准备。

Most babies should be supplemented with calcium at this time. It's too early to take the baby to public places. Let the baby taste all kinds of flavors as soon as possible to prepare for supplementary food in the future.

★第四个月 _Fourth month

◎ 生理指标 _Physiological Indicators

满四个月时,男婴体重4.7~8.5千克,身长58.3~69.1厘米,女婴体重4.5~7.7厘米,身长56.9~67.1厘米。

At the end of four months, boys weighed 4.7-8.5 kg, and girls weighed 4.5-7.7 cm, 58.3-69.1 cm and 56.9-67.1 cm.

◎ 养育要点Key Points of Nurturing

发展感觉动作技能,即视觉、听觉和触觉与肌肉活动的联合。如眼睛引导手去拿东西、听到声音准确转动眼睛和身体。多给宝宝听音乐,和宝宝说话。给宝宝做翻身操,锻炼宝宝的脊柱及泉水的肌肉,帮助宝宝学习翻身的动作。逗引宝宝说话,与宝宝做问答游戏,练习发声,学习“交谈”。适量加辅食,如鸡蛋、米粉、菜泥等。尽可能坚持母如喂养。母亲工作时,要三小时挤一次,促进母乳分泌。挤出的奶在冷藏状态下,可以留给宝宝★第二天吃。有的宝宝已经会翻身,父母更要当心宝宝的安全。

Develop sensory motor skills, that is, the combination of visual, auditory and tactile sensations with muscle activity. For example, the eye guides the hand to take things, and the sound rotates the eyes and body accurately. Listen to more music and talk to your baby. Do body-turning exercises for the baby, exercise the baby's spine and spring muscles, and help the baby learn the body-turning movements. Tease the baby to talk, play Q&A games with the baby, practice vocalization and learn to talk. Appropriate supplementary foods, such as eggs, rice flour, vegetable paste, etc. Stick to motherhood as much as possible. Mothers work three hours to squeeze once to promote breast milk secretion. Milk can be left for baby to eat the next day when it is refrigerated. Some babies have turned over, parents should be more careful about the safety of their babies.

◎ 发育指标 Development Indicators

俯卧时宝宝上身完全抬起,与床垂直;腿能抬高踢去衣被及踢吊起的玩具;视线灵活,能从一个物体转移到另外一个物体;开始咿呀学语,用声音回答大人的逗引;喜欢吃辅食。

When lying on the prone position, the baby's upper body is lifted completely, perpendicular to the bed; the legs can lift and kick off the clothes and quilts and toys lifted by kicking; the sight is flexible and can be transferred from one object to another; the baby begins to babble and answer adults'teasing with voice; he likes to eat supplementary food.

◎专家提示 Expert Tips

该去复查卡介苗是否接种上了。不必纠正宝宝吸吮手指的动作,因为吸吮手指能促使宝宝手眼协调行动。一岁以后,随着宝宝的成熟,自然会停止吃手。孩子发育的个体差异较大,有些指标不能达到不要紧。

It's time to check whether BCG has been vaccinated. There is no need to correct the baby's finger-sucking movements

★第五个月Fifth month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满五个月的男婴体重5.3~9.2千克,身长60.5~71.3厘米。女婴5.0~8.4千克,身长58.9~69.3厘米。The baby boy who has been five months old weighs 5.3 ~ 9.2 kg and is 60.5 ~ 71.3 cm in length. The baby girl is 5.0 ~ 8.4 kg in length and 58.9 ~ 69.3 cm in length.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

添加辅食,由少到多,由稀到稠,由细到粗,让宝宝习惯一种再加一种。一般每周至多加一种新的食品,注意观察宝宝的食欲、大便。如果消化不了,就暂停几天。重视感官训练,使宝宝的视觉、听觉、语言交往能力在原来的基础上继续提高。不会翻身的宝宝,父母多进行翻身训练。对宝宝进行冷适应锻炼,逐渐适应较大的温度变化,增强鼻腔、皮肤的抗病能力。冬天除外,每天应有至少两小时的室外活动。多晒太阳,补充维生素D,防止宝宝缺钙。

Add supplementary food, from less to more, from thin to thick, from thin to thick, let the baby get used to one more. Usually add at most one new food each week, pay attention to observe the baby's appetite, stool. If you can't digest it, pause for a few days. Pay attention to sensory training, so that the baby's vision, hearing, language communication ability on the basis of the original continue to improve. Do not roll over the baby, parents more turning over training. To the baby cold fitness exercise, gradually adapt to the larger temperature changes, enhance the ability of the nasal cavity, skin disease. Except in winter, there should be at least two hours of outdoor activity every day. Get more sun, supplement vitamin D, prevent calcium deficiency.

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

能够认识妈妈,以及亲近的人,并与他们应答;大部分孩子能够从仰卧翻身变成俯卧;可靠着坐垫坐一会儿,坐着时能直腰;大人扶着,能站立;能拿东西往嘴里放;会发出辅音一二个。

To be able to know and respond to mothers and close people; Most children can turn from supine to prostrate; Be sure to sit on the seat cushion for a while, and be able to stand upright while sitting; Adult hold, can stand; You can put something in your mouth; Will send a consonant or two.

◎ 专家提示-Expert tips

宝宝的床栏上,别放毛巾、衣服等,万一搭着的东西掉下来,蒙住宝宝的脸,会出危险。即使母乳足,也要给宝宝添加辅食。Baby's bedstead, do not put towels, clothes, etc., in case the things fall down, cover the baby's face, will be dangerous. Even if breast milk is sufficient, add complementary food to the baby.

★第六个月Sixth month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满六个月时,男婴体重达5.9~9.8千克,身长62.4~73.2厘米,女婴体重5.5~9.0千克,身长60.6~71.2厘米。头围44厘米,出牙两颗。

At the end of six months, the baby boy weighed 5.9 ~ 9.8 kg, was 62.4 ~ 73.2 cm in length, and the baby girl weighed 5.5 ~ 9.0 kg and was 60.6 ~ 71.2 cm in length. The head circumference is 44 cm and there are two teeth.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

继续添加辅食。预防营养性缺铁性贫血,及时添加含铁丰富的辅食:蛋黄、鱼、肝泥、肉末、动物血、绿色蔬菜泥、豆腐等。动物性食物中的铁吸收利用率比植物性食物高。提供适宜的玩具。为半岁孩子提供的玩具主要是形象性玩具,分为观赏性和操作性两大类。观赏性玩具一般色彩鲜艳形象生动。操作性玩具是宝宝能拿的,多为能发声的玩具。反复叫宝宝的名字,使宝宝对自己的名字有反应,熟悉并记住自己的名字。教宝宝认识实物,给宝宝指认实物。宝宝已经认识妈妈了,妈妈应多与宝宝在一起,多跟宝宝说话、做游戏,抚摩宝宝的皮肤,满足宝宝的亲情渴望。经常抱宝宝出去玩,让宝宝多接触生人,有助于减缓宝宝即将出现的怕生现象。让宝宝照镜子,帮助宝宝认识镜子中的自己,发展宝宝的自我意识。

Continue to add food accessories. Prevention of nutritional iron deficiency anemia, timely addition of iron-rich auxiliary food: egg yolk, fish, liver mud, meat, animal blood, green vegetable mud, tofu and so on. The iron absorption efficiency of animal foods is higher than that of plant foods. Provide appropriate toys. The toys provided for the half-year-old children are mainly visual toys, which are divided into two categories: ornamental and operational. Ornamental toys are generally brightly colored and vivid. Operational toys are what the baby can get, mostly toys that can sound. Repeatedly call the baby's name, so that the baby is responsive to his own name, familiar with and remember his own name. Teach the baby to know the real thing and identify the real thing. The baby has known the mother, the mother should be more with the baby, more talk with the baby, do games, touch the baby's skin, to meet the baby's desire for affection. Often carry the baby out to play, let the baby contact more strangers, help to slow down the baby is about to appear afraid of the phenomenon. Let the baby look in the mirror, help the baby to know himself in the mirror, develop the baby's self-awareness.

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

手可玩脚,能吃脚趾;头、躯干、下肢完全伸平;两手各拿一个玩具能拿稳;能听声音看目的物两种;会发两三个辅音;在大人背儿歌时会做出一种熟知的动作;照镜子时会笑,用手摸镜中人;会自己拿饼干吃,会咀嚼。

Hands can play with feet, can eat toes; The head, trunk, and lower limbs are fully stretched; Hold a toy in both hands to hold it steady; There are two kinds of things that can be heard and seen; Two or three consonants will be sent; When adults sing children's songs, they will make a familiar action; When looking in the mirror, you will laugh and touch the person in the mirror with your hand; Will eat their own cookies, will chew.

◎ 专家提示-Expert tips

此时宝宝体温高于摄氏37度,在运动、学习中遇到障碍。锻炼手的精细动作。手的发展很大程度上代表了智慧的增长,家长可以让宝宝玩各种玩具,促进手的动作从被动到主动,由不准确到准确,由把着手教到听语言指挥而动。

At this time, the baby's body temperature is higher than 37 degrees Celsius and it encounters obstacles in exercise and learning. Exercise the fine movements of your hands. The development of the hand to a large extent represents the growth of wisdom. Parents can let the baby play with various toys, promote the movement of the hand from passive to active, from inaccurate to accurate, and from the beginning to listen to language command.

★第七个月Seventh month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满七个月时,男婴体重达6.4~10.3千克,64.1~74.8厘米,女婴体重5.9~9.6千克,62.2~72.9厘米。牙齿2~4颗。

At the end of seven months, the baby boy weighed 6.4 ~ 10.3 kg, 64.1 ~ 74.8 cm, and the baby girl weighed 5.9 ~ 9.6 kg, 62.2 ~ 72.9 cm. 2 to 4 teeth.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

添加辅食,使宝宝喜欢辅食。尝试用辅食代替一顿奶。预防疾病。六个月后,婴儿从母体中带来的免役力降低了,容易受感染,同时易引起全身性的病变。家长要加强宝宝户外活动,不带宝宝去人多的公共场所。注意卫生,对宝宝入口的器具要进行消毒。帮助宝宝学习爬。爬对宝宝智力发展和身体发育都有促进作用,科学已经证明,不会爬就直接走的孩子容易成为“问题孩子”,在运动、学习中遇到障碍。锻炼手的精细动作。手的发展很大程度上代表了智慧的增长,家长可以让宝宝玩各种玩具,促进手的动作从被动到主动,由不准确到准确,由把着手教到听语言指挥而动。

Add supplementary food to make the baby like supplementary food. Try to replace a meal with an auxiliary. Prevention of disease. Six months later, the freedom of the baby from the mother's body is reduced, vulnerable to infection, and prone to systemic lesions. Parents should strengthen the baby outdoor activities, do not take the baby to many public places. Pay attention to the hygiene, the instrument that enters to the baby must carry on disinfection. Help the baby learn to climb. Climbing has an effect on the child's intellectual development and physical development. Science has proved that children who do not climb and walk directly are prone to become "problem children" and encounter obstacles in sports and learning. Exercise the fine movements of your hands. The development of the hand to a large extent represents the growth of wisdom. Parents can let the baby play with various toys, promote the movement of the hand from passive to active, from inaccurate to accurate, and from the beginning to listen to language command.

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

会坐,在大人的帮助下会爬;手能拿起玩具放到口中;会表示喜欢和不喜欢;能够理解简单的词义,懂得大人用语言和表情表示的表扬和批评;记住离别一星期的熟人3~4人;会用声音和动作表示要大小便。

Will sit, with the help of adults will climb; Hands can pick up toys and put them in the mouth; Will express like and dislike; Can understand the simple meaning of the word, understand adults with words and expressions of praise and criticism; Remember three to four acquaintances who have left for a week; Will use voice and movement to indicate to defecate.

◎ 专家提示-Expert tips

宝宝长牙时,会咬手指、玩具、衣被,适当吃磨牙食物非常必要,超市里有磨牙饼干。少坐多爬好处多。不要亲宝宝的嘴,不要口对口喂宝宝食物,因为大人的唾液常带有细菌和病毒。

When the baby grows teeth, it will bite fingers, toys, and quilts. It is very necessary to eat molar food properly. There are molar biscuits in the supermarket. Less sitting, more climbing. Do not kiss the baby's mouth, do not mouth to mouth feed the baby food, because adults often saliva with bacteria and viruses.

★第八个月Eighth month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满八个月时,男婴体重达6.9~10.8千克,身长65.7~76.3厘米。女婴体重达6.3~10.1千克,身长63.7~74.5厘米.本月可出2~4颗牙。

At the age of eight months, the baby boy weighed 6.9 ~ 10.8 kg and was 65.7 ~ 76.3 cm in length. The baby girl weighs 6.3 to 10.1 kilograms and is 63.7 to 74.5 centimeters in length. 2 to 4 teeth can be produced this month.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

宝宝在饮食方面的爱好可以看出来了,要以宝宝的爱好添加辅食,开发尽量多的食物品种,以保证营养平衡。在做宝宝辅食时,保证卫生是最重要的。在宝宝长牙时期,辅食中添加含钙和维生素D丰富的食物。如虾皮、海带、动物肝脏、鸡蛋黄、鱼、绿色蔬菜等。可以用辅食代替1~2顿奶。在日常生活中,把教宝宝认识周围环境与发展语言相结合。继续进行动作训练。帮助宝宝站立起来,让宝宝多爬、多玩各种玩具。教宝宝一些社交礼节动作,如拍手表示“欢迎”,挥手表示“再见”。

Baby in the dietary hobby can be seen, to add complementary to the baby's hobby, to develop as many food varieties to ensure nutritional balance. When making a baby supplement, hygiene is the most important thing. During the baby's teething period, calcium and vitamin D rich foods are added to the auxiliary food. Such as shrimp skin, kelp, animal liver, egg yolk, fish, green vegetables and so on. You can use complementary foods instead of 1 to 2 tons of milk. In daily life, teaching the baby to understand the surrounding environment and the development of language. Continue with the movement training. Help the baby to stand up, let the baby climb, play with various toys. Teach your baby some social etiquette, such as clapping "welcome" and waving "goodbye".

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

能够扶着栏杆站起来;可以坐得很好;会两手对敲玩具;会捏响玩具;会把玩具给指定的人;展开双手要大人抱;用手指抓东西吃;会用1~2种动作表示语言。

Can stand up with the railings; You can sit well; Will knock toys with both hands; Will ring toys; Will give the toy to the designated person; Spread out your hands to hug adults; Use your fingers to grab something to eat; Will use 1 to 2 actions to represent the language.

◎ 专家提示-Expert tips

这个月,宝宝的发病率会上升,不能因为怕感冒就减少户外活动。提供安全的运动场,清除一切宝宝够得着的小垃圾。电源插座要加保护罩,热水瓶放到宝宝够不到的。母乳充足的母亲,不必急于断奶。只要宝宝愿意吃辅食就不要担心。

This month, the incidence of the baby will increase, because fear of colds can not reduce outdoor activities. Provide a safe playground and clear away any little junk your baby can reach. Power outlets need to be protected, thermos bottle put into the baby can not reach. Mothers who breastfeed well do not have to rush to weaned. As long as the baby is willing to eat food do not worry.

★第九个月Ninth month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满九个月时,男婴体重达7.2~11.3千克,身长67.0~77.6厘米。女婴体重达6.6~10.5千克,身长65.0~75.9厘米。牙齿2~4颗。

At the end of nine months, the baby boy weighed 7.2 to 11.3 kilograms and was 67.0 to 77.6 centimeters in length. The baby girl weighs 6.6 to 10.5 kilograms and is 65.0 to 75.9 centimeters in length. 2 to 4 teeth.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

母乳喂养的婴儿白天尽量喂鲜牛奶或奶粉代替母乳,早晨起床后和完善临睡前以及半夜醒来时可喂母乳。不必给宝宝果汁了,可直接喂西红柿、橘子、香蕉等水果。可喂酥脆的点心、饼干、蛋糕等,不要喂糖块,这是危险的。这个月锻炼的目的仍然是让宝宝学站,能站立的婴儿学会迈步。每天最好让宝宝有三个小时以上的时间在户外度过。激发宝宝探索周围环境的兴趣,如捉迷藏游戏就是很好的活动。培养良好生活习惯,练习用便盆,养成入睡、讲卫生的好习惯,训练宝宝自己动手吃饭。鼓励宝宝模仿大人发音,与大人愉快交流。训练宝宝的自我控制能力,让宝宝按照大人的口令行事。

Breastfed babies try to feed fresh milk or milk powder instead of breast milk during the day. They can be breastfed after getting up in the morning and before going to bed and when they wake up in the middle of the night. No need to give the baby juice, can be directly fed tomatoes, oranges, bananas and other fruits. Can feed crispy snacks, cookies, cakes, etc.. Do not feed candy pieces. This is dangerous. The goal of this month's exercise is still to let babies learn to stand and babies learn to walk. It's best for the baby to spend more than three hours outdoors every day. Inspire the baby to explore the surrounding environment, such as hide-and-seek games is a good activity. Cultivate good living habits, practice using bedpans, develop good habits of sleeping and hygiene, and train your baby to eat. Encourage the baby to imitate adult pronunciation and communicate happily with adults. Train the baby's self-control and let the baby act according to the adult's password.

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

扶物站立,双脚横向跨步;拇指和食指能捏起细小的东西;能听懂自己的名字;能用简单语言回答问题;会随着音乐有节奏地摇晃;认识五官;会做3~4种表示语言的动作;知道大人谈论自己,懂得害羞;会配合穿衣。

Help to stand, feet step horizontally; Thumbs and forefingers can pinch small things; To understand one's own name; Can answer questions in simple language; Will shake with the rhythm of the music; Know the five officials; Do 3 to 4 kinds of actions that represent language; Knowing that adults talk about themselves and understand shyness; Will fit the clothes.

◎ 专家提示-Expert tips

体重过重的婴儿不要站立太久。坠落、烫伤、吞食异物是这个月婴儿需要防止的主要事故。

Overweight babies should not stand too long. Falling, scalding and swallowing foreign bodies are the main accidents that infants need to prevent this month.

★第十个月Tenth month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满十个月时,男婴体重7.6~11.7千克,身长68.3~78.9厘米。女婴体重6.9~10.9千克,身长66.2~77.3厘米。出4~6颗。

At the age of ten months, the baby boy weighed 7.6 to 11.7 kilograms and was 68.3 to 78.9 centimeters in length. The baby girl weighs 6.9 ~ 10.9 kg and is 66.2 ~ 77.3 cm in length. Out of 4 to 6.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

即使母乳充足,每天也要给宝宝吃两顿辅食,白天吃鲜牛奶。宝宝能吃各种饼干、年糕片、蛋糕、薄饼,品尝点心也是宝宝的生活的乐趣之一,要给宝宝吃一些点心,最好定时。训练宝宝的自我服务技能,培养宝宝的独立性。鼓励宝宝自己包奶瓶、自己坐盆大小便、自己去拿玩具等。提供适宜的玩具,这个月的婴儿开始学习走路,挑选会发出声音的拖拉玩具较好。创造良好语言环境,在照顾婴儿生活、玩游戏时都要伴随语言。多为宝宝唱儿歌、童谣。训练宝宝走路。让宝宝多爬。除刮风、下雨外,尽量多到室外活动。

Even if breast milk is sufficient, give your baby two meals a day and eat fresh milk during the day. The baby can eat a variety of biscuits, rice cakes, cakes, pancakes, taste snacks is also one of the fun of the baby's life, to give the baby some snacks, the best timing. Train the baby's self-service skills and cultivate the independence of the baby. Encourage the baby to pack her own bottle, sit in a basin and urinate, and go get your own toys. With the right toys available, this month's baby begins to learn to walk and it is better to pick the dragging toys that make a sound. Create a good language environment and accompany language when taking care of baby life and playing games. Mostly sing children's songs and nursery rhymes for the baby. Train the baby to walk. Let the baby climb more. In addition to the wind, rain, as much as possible to outdoor activities.

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

会叫妈妈、爸爸;认识常见的人和物;能够独自站立片刻;能迅速爬行;大人牵着手会走;喜欢被表扬;主动地用动作表示语言;主动亲近小朋友。

Call mom and dad; Knowledge of common people and things; Can stand alone for a moment; Can quickly crawl; The adults will walk with their hands; Like to be praised; Active use of actions to represent language; Be close to the kids.

◎ 专家提示-Expert tips

这个月中,婴儿除母乳外,只吃一些稀粥就会营养不足。不要给超重婴儿过多的点心,也不适宜给营养丰富的香蕉。把宝宝放在学步车里时,也要有大人在旁边。

In addition to breast milk, this month's baby will only eat some gruel will be undernourished. Don't give too many snacks to overweight babies, nor is it appropriate to give nutritious bananas. When you put a baby in a toddler, you have to have an adult around.

★第十一个月11Th month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满十一个月时,男婴体重7.9~12.0千克,身长69.6~80.2厘米。女婴体重达7.2~11.3千克,身长67.5~78.7厘米。出4~6颗。

At the age of eleven months, the baby boy weighed 7.9 to 12.0 kg and was 69.6 to 80.2 cm in length. The baby girl weighs 7.2 ~ 11.3 kg and is 67.5 ~ 78.7 cm in length. Out of 4 to 6.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

辅食开始变成主食,母乳、牛奶变成副食。大部分母乳喂养的宝宝已经断奶了。如果在副食中不能加足够的鸡蛋、鱼、牛肉等,就会缺乏动物蛋白。应该保证宝宝摄入足够的动物蛋白,但不必拘泥于书中所说的量,要根据宝宝的饭量而定。辅食要少放盐、少放糖。逐渐让宝宝与生人接触,克服怕生现象。继续发展宝宝的语言,可以给宝宝看画册讲故事。训练宝宝走路。禁止宝宝做不该做的事情,置之不理会使宝宝养成坏习惯。训练宝宝的独立能力,但要保证宝宝的安全。

The auxiliary food began to become a staple food, and breast milk and milk became non-staple foods. Most breastfed babies are weaned. If you can not add enough eggs, fish, beef, etc. to the food, you will lack animal protein. You should make sure your baby gets enough animal protein, but don't stick to the book, depending on how much you eat. The supplementary food should put less salt, less sugar. Gradually let the baby and stranger contact, overcome fear of birth phenomenon. Continue to develop the baby's language, you can show the baby a picture book to tell a story. Train the baby to walk. It is forbidden for the baby to do things that should not be done, and ignoring it will make the baby develop bad habits. Train your baby's independence, but keep your baby safe.

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

大人牵一只手就能走;能准确理解简单词语的意思;会叫奶奶、姑、姨等;拿指出身体的一些部位;会竖起手指表示自己一岁;不愿意母亲抱别人;有初步的自我意识。

An adult can walk with one hand; Can accurately understand the meaning of simple words; Will call grandmother, aunt, aunt, etc.; Take points to some parts of the body; Will raise his fingers to indicate that he is one year old; Do not want the mother to hold others; With an initial sense of self.

◎ 专家提示-Expert tips

宝宝吃完点心后喂些水,可预防龋齿。宝宝的骨头还软,走路时间不要太久。家庭保持文明的语言环境,宝宝已经能很好地模仿大人说话了。

Baby after eating snacks to feed some water, can prevent dental caries. Baby bones are still soft, don't walk too long. The family maintains a civilized language environment, and the baby is already able to imitate adults.

★第十二个月Twelfth month

◎ 生理指标-Physiological indicators

满十二个月时,男婴体重达8.1-12.4千克,身长70.7-81.5厘米,女婴体重达7.4-11.6千克,身长68.6-80.0厘米。头围46厘米,胸围46厘米。出牙6-8颗。

At the end of the twelve months, the baby boy weighed 8.1-12 .4 kilograms, 70.7 to 81.5 centimeters in length, and the baby girl weighed 7.4 to 11.6 kilograms and was 68.6 to 80.0 centimeters in length. Head circumference 46 cm, chest circumference 46 cm. 6-8 teeth.

◎ 养育要点-Parenting points

这个月如果宝宝身体健康的话,就应该断母乳了。断母奶后,每天喝一到两次牛奶。断母乳后,宝宝可能发生大便干燥,可在饮食上增加素菜量,香蕉、蜂密也有润肠作用。继续加强语言训练,为宝宝创造说话的机会。鼓励孩子用语言表达他自己的愿望。引导孩子和个性向着良好健康的方向发展,对于孩子不好的行为家长要明确表示禁止。对于孩子好的行为,家长要加以鼓励。不要让孩子过多地看电视,孩子应该在与人、与事物的接触过程中成长。加强父母与孩子的交流,保持愉快的家庭气氛,使孩子保持良好的情绪状态。继续训练孩子走路。每天要有至少三小时的户外活动时间。

If the baby is in good health this month, it's time to stop breastfeeding. Drink milk once or twice a day after losing the mother's milk. After cutting breast milk, the baby may have dry stool, can increase the amount of vegetarian dishes in the diet, bananas, Bee density also has the function of moisturising the intestine. Continue to strengthen language training to create opportunities for the baby to speak. Encourage the child to express his wishes in words. Lead your child and personality toward good health. Parents should make it clear that bad behavior is forbidden. Parents should encourage good behavior of their children. Don't let children watch too much TV. Children should grow up in contact with people and things. Strengthen the communication between parents and children, maintain a pleasant family atmosphere, so that children maintain a good emotional state. Keep training the kids to walk. Have at least three hours of outdoor exercise every day.

◎ 发育指标-Development indicators

不必扶,自己站稳能独走几步;认识身体部位三到四处;认识动物三种;会随儿歌做表演动作;能完成大人提出的简单要求;不做成人不喜欢或禁止的事;开始对小朋友感兴趣,愿意与小朋友接近、游戏。

No need to help, you can stand on your feet and walk alone; Recognize three to four parts of the body; Three kinds of animals are known; Will perform with children's songs; Can complete the simple request made by adults; Do not do what adults do not like or prohibit; Began to be interested in children, willing to be close to children, games.

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