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子宫肌瘤不治的后果及子宫肌瘤的分类 The consequences of the treatment of uterine leiomyoma and the classification of uterine leiomyoma

  • 来源:xjat
  • 作者:xjat
  • 更新日期:2019-04-01 18:26
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子宫肌瘤如果不治疗可以导致什么后果?陈凤林教授指出:如果子宫肌瘤没有及时治疗可导致女性不孕、流产、尿频、排尿障碍等危害,子宫肌瘤是女性健康的一大杀手。 Professor Chen Fenglin pointed out that if hysteromyoma is not treated in time, it can le

子宫肌瘤如果不治疗可以导致什么后果?陈凤林教授指出:如果子宫肌瘤没有及时治疗可导致女性不孕、流产、尿频、排尿障碍等危害,子宫肌瘤是女性健康的一大杀手。

Professor Chen Fenglin pointed out that if hysteromyoma is not treated in time, it can lead to female infertility, miscarriage, frequent urination, dysuria and other hazards. Hysteromyoma is a major killer of women's health.

那么子宫肌瘤是怎么分类的呢?子宫肌瘤的分类如下:Then how to classify uterine leiomyoma? The classification of uterine leiomyoma is as follows:

一、子宫由外向内分浆膜层、肌层、子宫内膜层;肌层分内环外纵中交叉的三层。

二、子宫肌瘤:按生长部位分宫体和宫颈肌瘤;按与肌壁的关系,分为浆膜下、肌壁间、黏膜下肌瘤;可单发也可多发。

1. The uterus is divided into serosa layer, muscle layer and endometrium layer from outside to inside, and muscle layer is divided into three layers, i.e. inner ring, outer longitudinal and middle intersection.

2. Uterine myoma: according to the location of growth, uterine body and cervical myoma; according to the relationship with muscle wall, it can be divided into subserous, intermural and submucosal myoma; it can be single or multiple.

常见子宫肌瘤的变性有:玻璃样变(透明变性)最常见,后可发展为囊性变;红色样变;钙化;肉瘤样变为唯一的恶变形式,多见于更年期患者,发病率仅为0.4-0.8%。肌瘤常见症状为经量增多及经期延长、下腹包块、白带增多、以及各种压迫症状,致女性不孕、流产等。

The most common degeneration of uterine leiomyoma is hyaline degeneration, which can develop into cystic degeneration, red degeneration, calcification, sarcomatoid degeneration, which is the only malignant form, mostly in menopausal patients, with a incidence of only 0.4-0.8%. The common symptoms of leiomyoma are increased menstruation, prolonged menstruation, lower abdominal mass, increased leucorrhea, and various compressive symptoms, resulting in female infertility and miscarriage.

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